Top 10 Federal Assistance Programs

Medicaid

Medicaid is a federal social health care program for families and individuals with low income and resources. The Health Insurance Association of America describes Medicaid as a "government insurance program for persons of all ages whose income and resources are insufficient to pay for health care."

Medicaid is the largest source of funding for medical and health-related services for people with low income in the United States. States are not required to participate in the program, although all currently do. To receive Medicaid you must be U.S. citizens or legal resident. Eligible recipients may include low-income adults, their children, and people with certain disabilities. However, poverty alone does not necessarily qualify someone for Medicaid. Find out if you qualify for Medicaid.

Supplemental Security Income (often known by the acronym SSI)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either 65 or older, blind, or disabled. Although administered by the Social Security Administration SSI is funded from the U.S. Treasury general funds, not the Social Security trust fund. SSI was created in 1974 to replace federal-state adult assistance programs that served the same purpose. The restructuring of these programs was intended to standardize the eligibility requirements and level of benefits. Today the program provides benefits to approximately eight million Americans. Apply here for SSI benefits.

Health Benefit Coverage under Child Health Insurance Plan (often known by the acronym CHIP)

CHIP Is Available in Every State. In general, children in families with incomes up to $47,700/year (for a family of four) are likely to be eligible for coverage. In many states, families can have higher incomes and their children can still qualify.

The National School Lunch Program’s Free Lunch Program.

The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program operating in public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunches to children each school day.

Low-Income Energy Assistance Program (often known by the acronym LIHEAP)

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) is a United States federal social services program first established in 1981 and funded annually through Congressional appropriations.

Federal Public Housing Assistance (often known as Section 8)

“Section 8” is a common name for the Housing Choice Voucher Program, funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Home Forward administers the program throughout Multnomah County. Low-income residents apply through Home Forward to qualify for a rent assistance voucher.

FDPIR Program – Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations

The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) is a Federal program that provides USDA foods to low-income households, including the elderly, living on Indian reservations, and to Native American families residing in designated areas near reservations and in the State of Oklahoma.

Low-Income Energy Assistance Program (often known by the acronym LIHEAP)

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) is a United States federal social services program first established in 1981 and funded annually through Congressional appropriations.

Federal Public Housing Assistance (often known as Section 8)

“Section 8” is a common name for the Housing Choice Voucher Program, funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Home Forward administers the program throughout Multnomah County. Low-income residents apply through Home Forward to qualify for a rent assistance voucher.

FDPIR Program – Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations

The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) is a Federal program that provides USDA foods to low-income households, including the elderly, living on Indian reservations, and to Native American families residing in designated areas near reservations and in the State of Oklahoma.

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